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प्रदेशका संरचना बनाउन र सञ्चालन गर्न करिब साढे ८ खर्ब लाग्ने सरकारी अनुमान

काठमाडौ, २ पुस । संविधान कार्यान्वयन भएसगै नेपालको एकात्मक राज्य तथा कार्य प्रणाली विकेन्द्रीकृत भएको छ । यसअघि केन्द्रमा रहने एउटै सरकारले राज्य सञ्चालन गर्दै आएपनि अब स्थानीय, प्रदेश र केन्द्रीय सरकारवीच कार्यपालिकाको शक्ति बाडफाड हुनेछ ।

स्थानीय, प्रदेश, संघको चुनाव भएर जननिर्वाचित अधिकांश प्रतिनिधि पनि आइसकेका छन् । प्रदेश र प्रतिनिधिसभा समानुपातिक सदस्यको अबको केही दिनमा टुङ्गो लाग्ने छ । संविधान कार्यान्वयनको सुनिश्चितताका लागि अबको काम भनेको प्रदेश र केन्द्रीय सरकार गठन हो ।

प्रदेश र केन्दीय सरकार गठनसगै यसका संरचनाको व्यवस्थापन अहिलेको प्रमुख चूनौती बन्न पुगेको छ । संविधानमा उल्लेख भएअनुसार संघीय आर्थिक कार्यप्रणाली र प्रदेश आर्थिक कार्यप्रणाली गरी दुई किसिमको व्यवस्थाबाट नेपालको अर्थतन्त्र अघि बढ्नेछ । अर्थ मन्त्रालयले अहिले यसैअनुरूपको आर्थिक कार्यविधि तयार पारिरहेको जानकारी दिएको छ ।

अर्थ मन्त्रालयले गरेको प्रक्षेपण अनुसार प्रदेश र केन्द्रीय सरकारको संरचना निर्माण र सेवा सुविधामा ८ सय २० अर्व रूपैया लाग्ने देखिन्छ । तर यो प्रक्षेपण अर्थ मन्त्रालयले केही विषय बस्तु र तथ्याङ्कलाई मात्र आधार बनाई गरेको अनुमान हो । त्यसैले संघीय संरचना तयार पार्दा यो भन्दा बढि वा कम बजेट लाग्न सक्छ ।

चालु आर्थिक बर्षमा सरकारले झण्डै १३ खर्व बजेट सार्वजनिक गरेको थियो । सरकारले यो बजेट विनियोजनमा संघीय संरचना निर्माणका लागि ७ अर्व १४ करोड रूपैया छुट्याएको छ । यो बजेट संघीय संरचना निर्माणमा प्रर्याप्त छैन । यसर्थ अबको बजेट स्वभाविक रूपले ठूलो आकारको बनाउनुपर्ने छ ।

सरकारले तत्काललाई चालु आर्थिक बर्षमा विनियोजन गरेको बजेट बाटै अस्थायी रूपमा प्रदेश सरकारको आर्थिक व्यवस्थापन गर्ने रणनीति बनाएको छ । अर्थविद्हरुका अनुसार संघीय बजेट झण्डै १५ देखि २० खर्ब हराहारीको बनाउनुपर्ने हुन्छ । तर यो परिमाणको बजेट बनाएर विनियोजन गर्न तत्काल नेपालको आफ्नै आर्थिक सार्मथ्य छैन । यो अवस्थामा बैदेशिक ऋणमा भरपर्नुपर्ने स्थिति आउन सक्ने अर्थविद्को भनाइ छ ।

अर्थ मन्त्रालयले भने नेपालको प्रसासनिक सुधार गर्दै कर परिपालनामा कडाइ गर्ने हो भने संघीयतामा पनि आर्थिक लक्ष्य हासिल गर्न सक्ने बताएको छ ।

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