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कस्तो बन्छ संघीय र प्रदेश सभा ?

कृष्ण तिमिल्सिना । प्रदेश र प्रतिनिध सभा सदश्यको महत्वपूर्ण निर्वाचन सम्पन्न भएको छ । अव अन्तिम मत परिणाम आएपछि यी दुवै तहका जनताका प्रतिनिधिले जिम्मेवमारी सम्हाल्ने छन् । प्रदेश सभाका सदश्यहरुले सम्वन्धीत् प्रदेशमा तोकिएको राजधानीमा रहेर तोकिएको भूमीका निर्वाह गर्नुपर्ने हुन्छ भने प्रदेशपालबाट सपथ लिइसकेपछि प्रदेश सभाको पहिलो बैठक बस्ने छ ।

तर आजसम्म न प्रदेश पाल तोकिएको छ न प्रदेशको सदरमुकाम अथवा प्रदेश सभाको बैठकस्थल कै टुंगो भएको छैन । नेपालको राजनीतिक इतिहांसमा पहिलो प्रयोग बनेको संघीयता र प्रदेश सभाको अवको भुमीका बारे बहश सुरु भएको छ । प्रदेश सभाका लागि ३३० जना प्रत्यक्ष र २२० जना समानुपातीक सांसद निर्वाचीत् भएपछि ७ वटा प्रदेशमा ५५० जनप्रतिनिधि रहनेछन् । तर जनप्रतिनिधिको पहिलो भेला कहाँ हुने भन्ने अझै टुंगो छैन । प्रदेशको राजधानी तोक्ने विषयमा सरकारले आनाकानी गरेपछि अहिलेसम्म न प्रदेश सभाको बैठकस्थल निश्चित् भएको छ न प्रदेशको राजधानी नै निश्चित् छ ।

सरकारले राजनीतिक सहमतिका आधारमा प्रदेशको राजधानी तोक्ने बताई रहँदा दलहरुकै बीचमा मोर्चावन्दी भएपछि राजधानी अनिश्चित् बनेको हो । प्रमुख दलहरूको सहमतिमा प्रदेशको अस्थायी राजधानी तोक्ने र सम्वन्धीत् प्रदेश सभालाई नै स्थायी राजधानी तोक्ने जिम्मेवारी दिने प्रारम्भीक राजनीतिक सहमती अनुसार दलहरु अघि बढ्न नसक्दा अलमल भएको हो । सामान्य प्रशासनमन्त्रीको अध्यक्षतामा रहेको अधिकारसम्पन्न पुनर्संरचना समितिले सातवटै प्रदेशको अस्थायी राजधानी प्रस्ताव गरिसकेको छ । समितिले पहिले राजधानी तोक्ने मापदण्ड र त्यही मापदण्डका आधारमा राजधानी प्रस्ताव गरेको थियो । तर उक्त प्रस्तावमा राजनीतिक छलफल भएको छैन । राजनीतिक सहमती र छलफल नभएकाले उक्त प्रस्ताव मन्त्रिपरिषद् बैठक मै पुगेको छैन ।

प्रधानमन्त्रीको निर्देशनमा मन्त्रिपरिषद्को कार्यालयले प्रदेशको राजधानी तोक्ने विषय राजनीतिक रूपमा मिलाउनुपर्ने भन्दै प्रस्ताव मन्त्रिपरिषमा पेस नभएको हो । तत्काल अस्थायी राजधानी तोकेर मन्त्रिपरिषद्मा प्रस्ताव ल्याउन गृह मन्त्रालयलाई पनि निर्देशन दिइएको छ । त्यसबारे अध्यन भइरहेको गृह मन्त्रालयले जनाएको छ । प्रदेशको राजधानी प्रशासनिक सुगमता मात्र नभएर सुरक्षाका दृष्टिकोणले पनि उपयुक्त हुनुपर्ने भएकाले गृह मन्त्रालयलाई पनि गृहकार्य गर्न जिम्मेवारी दिइएको हो । प्रदेश प्रमुखको मापदण्ड, सेवा, सर्त र सुविधासम्बन्धी ऐन संसद्बाट स्वीकृत भइसकेको छ । अधिकारसम्पन्न पुनर्संरचना समितिले प्रस्ताव गरेअनुसार नै, त्यस्तो मस्यौदा प्रस्ताव ऐनको रूपमा आइसकेको छ ।

सामान्य प्रशासनमन्त्रीको अध्यक्षतामा रहेको अधिकारसम्पन्न पुनर्संरचना समितिले प्रदेश नं. १ को राजधानी सुनसरी, प्रदेश नं. २ को – जनकपुर, प्रदेश नं. ३ – को काठमाडौं उपत्यका, प्रदेश नं. ४ को राजधानी पोखरा, प्रदेश नं. ५ को सदरमुकाम दाङ, प्रदेश नं. ६ को सुर्खेत र प्रदेश नं. ७ को राजधानी कैलाली तोक्न सिफारिश गरेको छ । पुनर्संरचना समितिको प्रतिवेदन अनुसार, प्रदेश सभा सचिवालयमा कूल ३२९ कर्मचारी तत्काल व्यवस्थापन गर्नुपर्नेछ । सात वटा प्रदेश सचिवालय सञ्चालनका लागि ४७ जना कर्मचारीको स्थायी दरबन्दी र सचिवालयको सहयोगी तहको सेवा प्रवाहका लागि थप करिब २० जना अस्थायी एवं सेवा करारका कर्मचारी आवश्यक पर्नेछ । प्रदेश सभा गठनपछि आवश्यक केही कर्मचारी संख्यामा थपघट हुन सक्दछ ।

यसरी हेर्दा सात प्रदेशमा ३२९ जना स्थायी कर्मचारी हुनेछन् भने १४० जना अस्थायी वा सेवा करारका कर्मचारी आवश्यक पर्नेछन् । संविधानको धारा १६३ ले प्रत्येक प्रदेशमा संघीय सरकारको प्रतिनिधिका रूपमा प्रदेश प्रमुख रहने व्यवस्था गरेको छ । प्रदेश प्रमुख अथवा राज्यपालका लागि ३५ वर्ष उमेर पूरा भएको र कानुनले अयोग्य नठहराएको व्यक्तिलाई योग्य ठह¥याइएको छ । संविधान र कानुन बमोजिम प्राप्त अधिकार प्रयोग गर्ने अघिकार प्राप्त प्रदेश प्रमुखले प्रदेशको मुख्यमन्त्री र प्रदेश मन्त्रीलाई शपथग्रहण गराउने, प्रदेशमा नेपाल सरकारको प्रतिनिधिका रूपमा काम गर्नेछ । यस्तै प्रदेश प्रमुखको नाममा हुने निर्णय वा आदेश र तत् सम्बन्धी अधिकारपत्रको प्रमाणीकरण गर्ने, प्रदेश विधेयक प्रमाणीकरण गर्ने र प्रदेश अध्यादेश जारी गर्ने अधिकार प्रत्यायोजन गरिएको छ । प्रदेश प्रमुख नियुक्तिका लागि ५ वटा मापदण्ड राखिएको छ ।

जस अनुसार, संविधान, कानुन र प्रशासनको क्षेत्रमा अनुभवप्राप्त, स्वच्छ छवि र राष्ट्रिय ख्यातिप्राप्त, नियुक्ति हुँदाका बखत राजनीतिक दलको सदस्य नरहेको, समाजमा महत्वपूर्ण योगदान पु¥याएको र सम्बन्धित प्रदेशभित्रको मतदाता नभएको वा स्थायी बसोबास नभएको व्यक्ति नियुक्त गर्नुपर्ने व्यवस्था छ । यो मापदण्ड भित्र रहेर सरकारले प्रदेश प्रमुख अर्थात् राज्यपाल तोकेपछि मात्र सपथ तथा मुख्यमन्त्री नियुक्तिको प्रक्रिया अघि बढ्ने छ । यी सबै काम प्रदेश तथा प्रतिनिधि सभा चुनावको परिणाम सार्वजनीक भएको ३० दिनभित्र सकिसक्नुपर्नेछ ।

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