समाचार

विश्व आर्थिक मञ्चको सम्मेलन स्विटजरल्याण्डमा जारी

एजेन्सी, ११ माघ । स्विट्जरल्याण्डको पूर्वी शहर डाभोसमा मध्य हिउदको समयमा अहिले विश्व आर्थिक मञ्चको सम्मेलन चलिरहेको छ । शुक्रबारसम्म चल्ने सम्मेलनमा विश्वका प्रभावशाली नेता, तथा अर्थशास्त्रीहरु सहभागी छन् ।

हरेक वर्ष आयोजना हुने सम्मेलनमा विश्व अर्थतन्त्रका ठूल ठूला विद्वान्ले समसामयिक अर्थतन्त्रका विषयमा आफ्नो विचार राख्ने तथा विश्व अर्थतन्त्रको भविष्यका विषयमा गहन छलफल गर्ने परम्परा छ । पछिल्ला केही वर्षयता डाभोस सम्मेलनमा एशियाली अर्थतन्त्रका विषय निकै चासोका साथ उठ्छ ।

पछिल्लो डेढ दशकयता विश्व अर्थतन्त्रमा चीन र भारतको उदयसगै विश्व आर्थिक मञ्चका हरेक छलफलमा यी दुबै मुलुक चर्चामा रहने गरेका छन् । हुन पनि पछिल्लो समय चीन र भारतमा उत्पादन तथा सेवा उद्योग निकै फस्टाएको छ । त्यहाको जनसङ्ख्याको ठूलो हिस्सा गरिबीबाट मुक्त भई मध्यमवर्गको रुपमा देखा परेको छ ।

यससगै अब चीन र भारतको अर्थतन्त्रले विश्व अर्थतन्त्रको परम्परागत केन्द्र उत्तर अमेरिका र युरोपलाई टक्कर दिने अवस्थामा पुग्दै गरेको जानकारहरु बताउंछन् । अबका केही दशकमा नै एशियाली बजारले युरोपलाई पछि पार्ने उनीहरुको विश्लेषण छ । विश्व बैंकको आकडाले पनि यसको पुष्टि गर्छ । विश्व बैंकको पछिल्लो प्रतिवेदन अनुसार सन् २०१६ मा चीनको कुल ग्राहस्थ उत्पादन जि.डि.पी १ सय १२ खर्ब अमेरिकी डलरको आसपास छ भने भारतको जिडिपी २२ खर्ब अमेरिकी डलर भन्दा धेरै छ ।

यता युरोपेली युनियनको जिडिपी १ सय ६४ खर्ब अमेरिकी डलर बराबर छ । त्यस्तै अमेरिकाको जिडिपी १ सय ८५ खर्ब अमेरिकी डलर बराबर छ । तर, यो आकडाले मात्र यी मुलुकको अर्थतन्त्रको सही तस्बीर देखाउदैन । ती मुलुकको आर्थिक बृद्धिदर कति छ भन्ने आधारमा भावी आर्थिक अवस्था आंकल गरिन्छ ।

अन्तर्राष्ट्रिय मुद्रा कोष आइ.एम.एफ.ले हालै सार्वजनिक गरेको प्रतिवेदन अनुसार वर्ष २०१८ मा भारतले ७ दशमलब ४ प्रतिशतमा आर्थिक बृद्धी हासिल गर्ने अनुमान छ । त्यस्तै चीनले पनि ६ दशमलब ६ प्रतिशतको आर्थिक बृद्धी हासिल गर्ने आइ.एम.एफ.को पूर्वानुमान छ । यता अमेरिका र युरोपको आर्थिक बृद्धिदर भने चीन र भारतको तुलनामा निकै ठिटलाग्दो छ ।

आइ.एम.एफ.को तथ्याङ्क अनुसार युरोपको आर्थिक बृद्धिदर यो वर्ष २ दशमलब १ प्रतिशतमा सिमित रहनेछ भने अमेरिकाको केही बढी २ दशमलब ७ प्रतिशत पुग्नेछ । यसरी हेर्दा यही गतिमा चीन र भारतको आर्थिक बृद्धि कायम रहने हो भने केही वर्षमै यी दुई मुलुकको अर्थतन्त्रले युरोपेली युनियन र अमेरिकालाई पछि पान्ने निश्चित् छ ।

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